(Born in São Paulo, on October 22, 1928 — died in Rio de Janeiro, on April 21, 2018)
He was a Brazilian film director. Considered one of the most important filmmakers in the country, his film Vidas Secas, based on the work of Graciliano Ramos, is one of the most awarded Brazilian films of all time, being recognized as a masterpiece. Nelson received a Bachelor of Laws from the Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo, in the class of 1952. He was one of the forerunners of the Cinema Novo movement, in addition to being the founder of the undergraduate course in Cinema at the Fluminense Federal University and a professor at the Instituto of Art and Social Communication at UFF. In 2006 he was elected to the Brazilian Academy of Letters (ABL), occupying chair 7, whose patron is Castro Alves. He was the first Brazilian filmmaker to become a member of the ABL.
He died on April 21, 2018, aged 89. The wake took place at the Brazilian Academy of Letters, in Rio de Janeiro, the burial was in the ABL mausoleum, in the São João Batista Cemetery, in the South Zone of Rio. His name was honored (in memoriam) at The Oscars ceremony in 2019.